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Summer Class: 8th Grade Research and Communications: Class Vocabulary

This guide is for use of summer school students only. During the regular 8th grade school year, use the libguide "8th Grade Research and Speech Class."

Vocabulary Terms to Know



Vocabulary Terms for Week 1 (Quiz #1 terms)

direct quotation:  using someone else's words exactly as they are written

paraphrase:  using someone else's ideas and putting them in your own words

URL:  internet address (uniform resource locator)

‚Äčbibliographic citation: a detailed reference to a source, commonly used to document and attribute information found

ebooks/electronic books: books read on an electronic device such as a Kindle, Nook, ipad, or computer

source:  in research, a place that you find information

OPAC: online public access catalog

call number: the address of a book, DVD, or other items in a library

series search - searching for books in a fiction or non-fiction series of similar or connected titles

subject search - searching for what the resource is "about" using subject lists made by experts

keyword search - searching a word that is used anywhere in a record's description or title

ISBN - the international standard book number - a unique book identifier printed on the back of every published book.

database: a collection of data stored in electronic format  for easy retrieval

documenting: recording information that allows another person to locate the source that you have used for your paper; also called citing

common knowledge: facts or ideas that are known by many and general in nature

plagiarism: to steal or pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own; to use someone else's ideas or words without crediting the source

copyright law - law governing individual works that protects intellectual property from use by unauthorized individuals

fair use - a copyright law that allows a portion of copyrighted material to be used if it can advance knowledge or serve altruistic social objectives

intellectual property - the implied value from an individual's idea, art, or product

Internet filter bubble - Eli Pariser's term for the effect of Google and other websites on individual web users when those sites tailor search results to what they think the individuals want to find

algorithm - the formula that a search engine or website uses to provide services or results for users who input queries

personalization - the trend of search engines or websites tailoring results/pages to what they think users want or need to see

information veggies and information desserts - the analogy for seeking a balance of information content that comes from different perspectives and offers both entertaining and challenging content

Pizzagate - an example of an incident where fake news online created a false conspiracy theory that led to real world consequences

fake news - either the phenomenon of political media bias or the effect of online communities creating skewed realities from misleading information

website vs. webpage - one is a whole site's content, while the other is one article/page from that site

research question - the question in the initial research process that guides and narrows information-gathering

Mango Delight - a delightful book that's not really about mangos

Reminders of discussions this week - role/value of book research; guidelines about avoiding research plagiarism; the effect of filter bubbles on research

persistent link: permanent URL to a particular article in a database; also called durable links, stable links, or permalinks

Vocabulary Terms for Week 2

site modifier - a Google search feature that allows the searcher to limit the search by type of website (.edu, .com, .gov)

Google Scholara Google search engine for scholarly articles and books that allows searchers to find leading articles in major academic fields

authority: refers to the credentials of the author or institution that publishes an internet website or a periodical (magazine) article

credibility: refers to the “believability” of an internet article or website

accuracy: infers that an internet article or website is completely without factual error

currency:  infers that an internet article or website is up-to-date

thesis statement: unifying sentence in a research paper that states the argument presented in the paper

parenthetical citation: a reference in the body of a research paper to one of the sources in the Works Cited when there is a direct quotation or paraphrase; usually enclosed in parentheses; use last name of person or entity and page number if given

Reminders of discussions this week - Google searching and resources with Ms. McMahon; guidelines for writing scholarly papers; how and why NoodleTools helps with research